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A study of organic compounds organized around functional groups, modern structural theory and reaction mechanisms. The chemistry of aliphatic hydrocarbons, alkenes, alkynes, dienes, alkyl halides, alcohols and ethers is introduced. Substitution, addition and elimination mechanisms are studied in detail. Emphasis is placed on stereochemistry. The lecture portion meets four hours per week. One two-hour “discovery” laboratory session per week is included. Students learn various techniques of separation, purification, and spectroscopic analysis of organic compounds in the laboratory. There is an emphasis on one-step synthetic conversions that introduce the reactions to be studied in the lecture course. Prerequisite: Chemistry 181. (It is recommended that students with a grade below C in Chemistry 181 do not continue with Chemistry 221). One and one-half units.

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